Slovakia's Bioenergy Day
Bioenergy is Europe's leading renewable energy source. According to Eurostat data and calculations made by the European Biomass Association (AEBIOM), bioenergy will be able to supply 11% of the final energy consumption in 2017. An additional 7% comes from the other renewables, while the rest (82%) still comes from fossil fuels. Within this context, for 66 days the EU can run on renewable energies, 41 days of which are supplied by bioenergy—from November 21 to the end of the year.
For Slovakia, its Bioenergy Day is November 29, is just over a week after the European average. Slovakia is a landlocked country and with a total territorial area of 4 903 423 hectares (ha), agricultural land covers almost 50 percent whereas forest land covers around 41 percent.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, arable land for cereals, fodder crops and industrial crops makes up around 62 åercent of the agricultural land, pastures and meadows make up the balance. Just over half of the 2 million ha forest estate is state owned. The government has a target of reaching 63:37 percent hardwood/softwood species ratio.
Forest sector largest RES
Historically, forests in present-day Slovakia have suffered from periods of overharvesting and overgrazing. The first Forest Act in Austro-Hungarian Empire came into existence in 1879 (XXXI/1879), and with partial adjustment, was valid in Slovakia until 1960.National Forest Programme of the Slovak Republic (NFP SR) is a basic policy document for sustainable forest management including forest products and the current action plan period is 2014 – 2020.
Since 1980, annual removals have varied significantly from 4.5 million m3 to over 9.1 million m3 in 2014. The pulp and paper industry is the largest producer and consumer of bioenergy. In addition, the forest sector is the largest provider of biomass fuels, directly with fuels such as woodchips and forest residues to heating plants and indirectly with fuels such as wood pellets from sawmill residues.
Feed-in tariff and biogas
Electricity from renewable sources, including biomass and biogas, is supported mainly through a fixed feed-in tariff (FIT) with two components; the price of electricity for losses (market price) and a surcharge. The market price is paid for all electricity supplied from renewable energy facilities up to a support limit of 125 MW. The surcharge is billed by the plant operator for the electricity generated, less parasitic power consumption.
As of June 2015, anaerobic sludge stabilization with biogas production can be found at 52 municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), of which 22 have cogeneration units with the electrical output of 5.14 MW installed. Only one anaerobic industrial WWTP has a cogeneration installed, with the electrical output of 0.32 kW. The total installed electrical power of the 111 biogas plants is 103 MW and the total installed electrical power of ten landfill gas is 2.24 MW.
About European Bioenergy Day
The European Bioenergy Day campaign is powered by the European Biomass Association (AEBIOM) and relayed across Europe by both national and international partners supporting the belief that bioenergy is more than a renewable energy source, but a reliable path that will lead Europe to achieve its renewable energy transition in the shortest span of time.
The campaign will last 66 days, starting from November 21 through the end of the year. This is a symbolic date on which the European Bioenergy Day was celebrated by organizing the European Bioenergy Future Conference, that was held in Brussels, Belgium on that date.