France-headed renewable green hydrogen pioneer Lhyfe, has inaugurated "Sealhyfe", its offshore renewable green hydrogen production demonstrator in Saint-Nazaire. This is the first time in the world that renewable hydrogen will be produced at sea.
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The “Sealhyfe” platform, which seeks to pave the way for a new energy paradigm awaited worldwide, is starting an 18-month experimental period, at quay then off the coast of Le Croisic, on the offshore testing site (SEM-REV) operated by French engineering school Centrale Nantes.
Producing hydrogen at sea is a global challenge
Around the world, the race for hydrogen is on and the development of offshore wind farms is booming. Lhyfe – which inaugurated the world’s first site for the production of hydrogen from onshore wind turbines in September 2021 and which is currently preparing to deploy its solutions Europe-wide – is convinced of the central role offshore has to play in the massification of renewable green hydrogen production.
Producing hydrogen using offshore wind turbines could allow all countries with a coastline to access renewable green hydrogen, produced locally, beyond the horizon line, and in industrial quantities, to decarbonize transportation and industry.
However, until now, no one has ever produced hydrogen at sea. It is to prove that it is now possible that Lhyfe is taking on the offshore challenge.
A series of major and unprecedented challenges
Through this pilot site, Lhyfe will produce the first kilograms of renewable green hydrogen at the quayside and then at sea, operating automatically, in the most extreme conditions.
The company has voluntarily set the bar high by installing its production unit on a floating platform, connected to a floating wind turbine.
The Sealhyfe platform must therefore meet several major and unprecedented challenges, including:
- Performing all stages of hydrogen production at sea, i.e. converting the electrical voltage from the floating wind turbine, pumping, desalinating and purifying seawater, and breaking the water molecules via electrolysis to obtain renewable green hydrogen;
- Managing the effects on the system of the platform’s motion: list, accelerations, swinging movements, etc.;
- Enduring environmental stress: Sealhyfe will have to survive the premature aging of its parts (corrosion, impacts, temperature variations, etc.);
- Operating in an isolated environment: the platform must operate fully automatically, without the physical intervention of an operator, except for scheduled maintenance periods that have been optimally integrated from the design phase.
A demonstrator developed with top experts
To achieve this technological feat, Lhyfe relied on the facilities of the offshore testing site, SEM-REV, operated by Centrale Nantes.
The production unit was installed on the WAVEGEM wave energy platform developed by Geps Techno.
At the end of the quayside test phase, the Sealhyfe platform will integrate the SEM-REV offshore testing area, off the coast of Le Croisic, about 20 kilometres offshore.
The device will then be supplied with electricity by the pioneering floating wind turbine installed within the offshore test site in 2018 and still unique in France today.
The electrolyzer was supplied and optimized for these exceptional operating conditions by Plug Power, one of the market leaders that is strongly engaged in the offshore route.
Together, Plug and Lhyfe have developed the first electrolyzer capable of operating on a floating platform.
The project also benefited from the expertise of French offshore and marine renewable energy players:
- Chantiers de L’Atlantique for enhancing the resilience of the system to environmental stress, ventilation systems, and the electrical architecture of the system;
- Geps Techno and Eiffage Energies Systèmes for the system’s integration on a platform and the naval architecture of the latter, specifically for the particularly stormy sea conditions of the site;
- The Port of Saint-Nazaire, facilitator of Sealhyfe’s assembly and testing, and, Kraken Subsea Solutions, which participated in the design of the underwater electrical connection to the renewable marine energies produced on the SEM-REV platform.
A multi-phase trial
A first six-month trial phase is being started at the quayside, in the Port of Saint-Nazaire, to obtain initial reference measurements and test all of the systems (desalination and cooling systems, stack behavior, remote control, energy management, resistance to environmental conditions, etc.).
At the end of this first stage, Sealhyfe will spend a period of 12 months off the Atlantic coast. It will be installed less than a kilometre from the floating wind turbine, fixed to the ground by a system of anchors, and connected to the site’s underwater hub using an umbilical designed and dedicated for this application (energy and data transfer).
At the end of this trial, Lhyfe will have a substantial volume of data, which should allow it to design mature offshore production systems, and deploy robust and proven technologies on a large scale, in keeping with the EU’s objective to produce 10 million tonnes of renewable hydrogen per annum by 2030.
Sealhyfe has the capacity to produce up to 400 kg of renewable green hydrogen a day, equivalent to 1 MW of power.
By 2030-2035, offshore could represent an additional installed capacity of around 3 GW for Lhyfe.
Sealhyfe has had support from the French energy and environment agency ADEME and the Pays de la Loire Region.
At Lhyfe, we have only one aim: to leave a more breathable planet for our children. This is why we once again wanted to take up a major technological challenge, to prove – by producing hydrogen at sea for the first time – that it is possible to do it as of today. By paving the way for the mass production of renewable hydrogen at sea, Sealhyfe is fully in line with the EU’s strategy to deploy an offshore hydrogen chain, and wishes to help build the energy sovereignty of countries, commented Matthieu Guesné, Chairman and CEO and founder of Lhyfe.