Norway intends to spend up to US$50 million to purchase high-resolution images of tropical forests. The images will be made freely available for governments, researchers, and NGOs all over the world and will enable the monitoring of deforestation, even in smaller areas. "Insights into changes in the rainforests is crucial for reducing tropical deforestation," says Minister of Climate and Environment Ola Elvestuen.
For over a decade, Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative – NICFI – has supported developing countries’ efforts to reduce deforestation. Tropical deforestation leads to large emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and is a grave threat to the global diversity of plants and animals.
Estimates show that preserving forests and improving land management can contribute to one-third of all the emission reductions before 2030 that the world needs to be on track to reach the goals set in the Paris Agreement.
Part of NICFI’s forest funding has, for a number of years, given free access to satellite images and analysis that track and measure forest changes and loss. Norway supports Global Forest Watch – GFW – that tracks annual changes in global tree cover and publish freely accessible maps around the globe. GFW also release early alerts on deforestation hotspots.
Analysis methods developed at the University of Maryland in the United States (US) has also enabled GFW to separate deforestation of primary forests, extremely important to GHG emissions and biodiversity.
The satellite images used by these service show changes in the forest canopy over relatively large areas. However, they cannot detect illegal logging, or other activity, hidden by the rainforest canopy.
2018 third worst year for tropical deforestation
The latest data from Global Forest Watch showed that 2018 was the third worst year for primary tropical forest on record. The world lost an area the size of Belgium, 36.000 square kilometers (sq. km) of primary tropical forest.
The continued high deforestation rates is a global crisis of existential proportions. Our aim is to give everyone deeper insights into what is really going on in the forests and strengthen the hand of those who try to save them. With better satellite images it is easier to uncover the reasons behind deforestation, it becomes easier to stop, and it becomes easier to set up good systems to reward countries that manage to curb deforestation, concluded Minister Ola Elvestuen.
Norway rewards several tropical forest countries, amongst others Indonesia and Brazil, with payments for reduced GHG emissions from deforestation.
NICFI is planning to purchase the high-resolution satellite imagery of all tropical countries for two years, with the possibility for extension for a further two years. Norway aims to purchase the rights to the imagery, to make them freely available, used and shared multiple times by anyone who has use of them. To ensure widespread use of the images, they will be available through existing projects that Norway supports, such as Global Forest Watch (GFW) and SEPAL. This will considerably strengthen these services. NICFI’s international tender seeks offers from the whole world. The plan is to complete this process during the fall of 2019. If NICFI finds a supplier that can deliver a satisfactory product, the images could be available already by the end of the current year.