California to have 100 percent clean electricity and be carbon neutral by 2045
In the United States, California Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. has signed Senate Bill 100 (SB 100), authored by Senate President pro Tempore Emeritus Kevin de León, setting a 100 percent clean electricity goal for the state. Furthermore, Governor Brown has issued an executive order establishing a new target to achieve carbon neutrality – both by 2045.
Reaffirming California’s global climate leadership, SB 100 advances the state’s existing Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS), which establishes how much of the electricity system should be powered from renewable energy resources, to 50 percent by 2025 and 60 percent by 2030. It also puts California on the path to implement a zero-carbon electricity grid by 2045.
This bill and the executive order put California on a path to meet the goals of Paris and beyond. It will not be easy. It will not be immediate. But it must be done. California is committed to doing whatever is necessary to meet the existential threat of climate change. This bill, and others I will sign this week, help us go in that direction. But have no illusions, California and the rest of the world have miles to go before we achieve zero-carbon emissions, said Governor Brown in his SB 100 signing statement on September 10.
To further ensure California is combatting global warming beyond the electric sector, which represents 16 percent of the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Governor issued an executive order directing the state to achieve carbon neutrality by 2045 and net negative greenhouse gas emissions after that. This will ensure California removes as much carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere as it emits – the first step to reversing the potentially disastrous impacts of climate change.
In California, Democrats and Republicans know climate change is real, it’s affecting our lives right now, and unless we take action immediately – it may become irreversible. Today, with Governor Brown’s support, California sent a message to the rest of the world that we are taking the future into our own hands; refusing to be the victims of its uncertainty. Transitioning to an entirely carbon-free energy grid will create good-paying jobs, ensure our children breathe cleaner air and mitigate the devastating impacts of climate change on our communities and economy, said Senator de León.
The state will reach its goals with continued significant reductions of carbon pollution and increased carbon sequestration in forests, soils and other natural landscapes and programs focused on improving air quality and public health, especially in California’s most impacted communities.
With Governor Brown’s order, California establishes the most ambitious carbon neutrality commitment of any major economic jurisdiction in the world – of more than 20 countries and at least 40 cities, states and provinces planning to go carbon neutral by mid-century or sooner.
This action comes days before grassroots activists, mayors, governors, heads of industry and international leaders convene in San Francisco for the express purpose of mobilizing climate action at the Global Climate Action Summit.
Californian leadership on climate change
California continues as a global trailblazer in adopting innovative policies to fight climate change. Late last week, Governor Brown also signed legislation to block new federal offshore oil drilling along California’s coast and announced the state’s opposition to the federal government’s plan to expand oil drilling on public lands in California.
The entirety of the state’s coast has been off-limits to new oil and gas leases for more than 30 years, and the state has not issued a lease for offshore oil or gas production since 1968. Also last week, the Governor issued an executive order to safeguard California’s unique plants, animals and ecosystems that are threatened by climate change.
Last month, the state also issued its Fourth Climate Change Assessment, which details new science on the devastating impacts of irreversible climate change in California and provides planning tools to support the state’s response.
Earlier this year Governor Brown issued executive orders to improve the health of the state’s forests and help mitigate the threat and impacts of deadly and destructive wildfires and get 5 million zero-emission vehicles onto California’s roads by 2030.
Last year, the Governor signed landmark legislation to extend and strengthen the state’s cap-and-trade program and create a groundbreaking program to measure and combat air pollution at the neighborhood level.
Under Governor Brown, California has established the most ambitious GHG reduction targets in North America; set the nation’s toughest restrictions on destructive super pollutants; and will reduce fossil fuel consumption up to 50 percent and double the rate of energy efficiency savings in buildings by 2030. The state has met its 2020 target four years early, reducing emissions 13 percent while growing the economy 26 percent.
In addition, Governor Brown has helped establish and expand coalitions of partners across the United States and the world committed to curbing carbon pollution.
The Under2 Coalition, which originated from a partnership between California and the German state of Baden-Württemberg, now includes 206 jurisdictions on 6 continents that collectively represent 1.3 billion people and US$30 trillion in GDP – equivalent to 17 percent of the global population and 40 percent of the global economy.
Members of the coalition make a number of key commitments, including reducing GHG emissions equivalent to 80 to 95 percent below 1990 levels or to less than 2 annual tonnes per capita by 2050.
Also last year, California joined Washington and New York to form the U.S. Climate Alliance, which now includes 17 states – led by both Democrats and Republicans representing 40 percent of the American population – committed to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement and meeting or exceeding the targets of the federal Clean Power Plan (CPP).
Governor Brown also partnered with Michael Bloomberg to launch America’s Pledge on climate change, an initiative to compile and quantify the actions of US states, cities, and businesses to drive down their GHG emissions consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement.