The shipping industry has welcomed the growing momentum for a US$5 billion Research and Development (R&D) Fund for shipping but is calling on governments to act in line with their climate commitments and not waste more time in moving forward with decisive action to support the decarbonization of the industry.
At the recent UN International Maritime Organization (IMO) meeting (MEPC 76), the world’s governments agreed to continue work on the IMO-supervised US$5 billion R&D Fund program, to be led by a new International Maritime Research and Development Board (IMRB), with many nations stepping up to support the proposal.
The US$5 billion R&D program is designed to accelerate the development and introduction of zero-emission technologies and fuels for maritime transport, which are vital for allowing the industry to decarbonize.
However, in a joint statement, BIMCO, Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (INTERCARGO), Interferry, International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (INTERTANKO), International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA), International Parcel Tankers Association (IPTA), and World Shipping Council (WSC) expressed disappointment over “that yet again we must wait for the next meeting before we can get going.”
The R&D Fund has been thoroughly developed over the past three years. It is the only concrete proposal on the table and can be agreed upon and put in place by 2023. Governments rightly call for innovation and for decarbonization to happen now. This is now, and we need IMO member states to move forward and allow us to accelerate the R&D needed without further delay, the industry organizations said.
The IMO has set targets to cut total shipping emissions by at least 50 percent by 2050, with the United States (US) and the EU now calling for zero-emissions shipping within the next 30 years. To succeed, the industry needs zero-carbon ships, capable of trans-oceanic voyages, available by 2030.
However, technologies for operating deep-sea vessels on zero-carbon fuels are not yet available and current R&D efforts are not sufficient.
We urgently need to expand and accelerate R&D around zero-carbon technologies and fuels. But innovation does not come for free. To catalyze innovation, the industry is willing to provide guaranteed funding of US$5 billion at no cost to governments, giving all nations equitable access to the work and the technologies the fund advances. So, what are we waiting for?” the organizations said.
The signatories noted with encouragement, support for the R&D program from additional nations. Now more engagement is needed for concrete regulatory and technological progress.
UN IMO General Secretary Kitack Lim has made it clear: “Failure is not an option”. The wider world is watching, and it will be watching even more closely at MEPC 77 and COP26. The R&D Fund proposal is mature and ready for approval, and the industry has already committed to doing the work needed to establish the fund, a payment system, and the funding necessary. We can do this now, and for the sake of our climate and future generations, we must. We urge governments to approve the proposed amendments to Annex 6 of MARPOL at MEPC 77 in November as the first concrete step forward in making the IMRB a much-needed reality to reduce GHG emissions from shipping, the organizations said.