Stakeholders to deliver hydrogen shipping fuel solution to meet IMO 2050 target
Finland-headed marine and energy engineering and technology major Wärtsilä Oyj has announced that it together with class society RINA, ABB, Helbio - a subsidiary of Metacon AB, the Liberian Registry, and an energy major have partnered in an effort to deliver a solution with hydrogen as fuel. The aim is to have a scalable and sustainable onboard solution that will exceed the IMO 2050 target for a 70 percent reduction in carbon intensity without the need for extensive infrastructure investment.
Current difficulties and cost considerations regarding the production, distribution, and onboard storage of hydrogen have so far limited the sector’s interest in its direct use as a marine fuel.
However, by producing hydrogen on board, and using readily available liquefied natural gas (LNG), the solution becomes far more viable and in a much faster time frame than would otherwise be possible.
Our gas engines are already able to use mixtures of hydrogen and LNG, and our future efforts will be to reach 100 percent hydrogen fuel. We are totally committed to supporting in every way possible the decarbonization of shipping operations. This project is one more example of this commitment, and we are very pleased to be partnering with other stakeholders to make the IMO 2050 target achievable. This project will give owners a real chance to stay ahead of the competition in terms of efficiency and sustainability, said Lars Anderson, Director, Product Management & Sales Support, Wärtsilä Marine Power.
Onboard steam reforming and CCS
The concept is based on combining LNG with steam to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide (CO2). The hydrogen produced will be used directly in a mix with natural gas in internal combustion engines (ICEs) or in fuel cells, thus eliminating the need for hydrogen to be stored onboard.
The CO2 will be liquefied using the cryogenic stream of LNG that would be used as fuel anyway, and later disposed of ashore for carbon storage. Tankers can use the stored CO2 as inert gas during discharge.
The necessary equipment can easily be fitted on the deck of a commercial vessel. This innovative concept will support the marine sector’s gradual transition from LNG to hydrogen, without any major adjustments to a vessel’s onboard technologies.
Only LNG bunkering will be required and, by progressively increasing the production of hydrogen, the consumption of fossil methane and associated methane slip will be reduced at the same rate.
Wärtsilä and ABB will support the application of hydrogen in powering internal combustion engines and fuel cells respectively, while Helbio will provide the technology and manufacturing of gas reformers.
RINA and the Liberian Registry will provide advice and guidance on the application of rules and regulations for novel concept alternative designs, based on Hazid/Hazop analyses, as well as specific rules for this kind of arrangement.